The Vision: Harness Renewable Energy (Part 1)
The Great Lakes Century Vision calls for the region to tap renewable energy opportunities. As of 2011, the majority of the region’s electricity generation capacity remained at fossil-fuel facilities: 39 percent coal, 29 percent gas and 4 percent oil. Power generation is linked to many issues facing the Great Lakes, since these power plants release mercury and other pollutants into t he local environment. In addition, carbon dioxide emitted from burning fossil fuels contributes to global climate change.
The region is beginning to transition to more sustainable energy sources, and 2012 has brought several milestones. In March, the Obama administration signed an agreement with five Great Lakes states – Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania and New York – to streamline the process of developing wind projects. In addition, the Lake Erie Offshore Wind Project is moving forward with its first phase, a 20-30 mW installation. Renew Wisconsin announced last week that the state’s electricity providers have the supplies to meet the state’s target of 10 percent renewable energy generation by 2015.
Chicago’s energy generation landscape has undergone some major shifts this year as well. In August, Chicago’s two coal-fired power plants, Crawford and Fisk, closed permanently. Environmental activists and community organizations celebrated when the plants closed, which a previous agreement had slated for 2018. Howard Learner, Executive Director of the Environmental Law and Policy Center commented in the Chicago Tribune,
This marks a turning point from Chicago’s reliance on two highly polluting coal plants that use fuel from out of state to a cleaner energy future that’s less polluting and uses more Illinois wind and other clean resources.
In the summer of 2012, Chicago activists also celebrated when New York-based Leucadia National Corporation abandoned its proposal for a coal gasification plant. Although the project was billed as clean energy, environmental and community groups protested the use of coal in an already heavily-polluted area of Chicago. The site, near 115th Street on the Calumet River, is amidst residential neighborhoods as well as massive piles of raw goods: coal, asphalt, petroleum coke, scrap metal and other sands and gravel.
Moving away from coal has significant benefits for our local air and water quality, but like many Great Lakes cities, Chicago remains dependent on fossil fuels. Natural gas prices are at all-time low, helping to making gas-burning facilities more economical than coal ones. The natural gas Southeast Chicago Energy Project came online in 2002, and Exelon claims it is one of the cleanest, most efficient, modern power plants in the U.S.
Even with natural gas growing in popularity, the move away from coal is promising for the health of Lake Michigan ecosystems and the health of our residents.
Rachel Belanger is a researcher in SOM’s City Design Practice and is located in Chicago.